Open Access Original Research Article

Nurses Attitude and Barriers toward Utilization of Standardized Nursing Language in Sokoto State, Nigeria

Abdurrahman Muhammad Sani, Suwaiba Sani

Asian Journal of Medicine and Health, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/AJMAH/2017/29433

Background: The use of standardized nursing language for nursing care documentation is a vital instrument to the nursing profession, patients care and nurses in general. Clinical information system requires standardized terms and definitions to help clinicians with documentation in nursing. The future of nursing depends on the systematic efforts to label and define nursing contributions to healthcare using standardized nursing languages.

Aim: This study investigates nurses’ attitudes and barriers toward utilization of standardized nursing language among nurses in Sokoto, Nigeria.

Methodology: This study employs a quantitative descriptive design using questionnaire as an instrument for data collection with a sample size of 250 nurses in Sokoto.

Results: Findings of this study show that, there is poor utilization of standardized nursing language (12.6%) with positive attitude toward utilization of standardized nursing language (83.5%). Moreover, the poor utilization is associated with lack of hospital policy, inadequate knowledge, and shortage of nursing staff in the hospitals.

Conclusion: There is a need for the hospital management to implement policies on standardized nursing language and educate the nursing staff on the use of standardized nursing language in Sokoto.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Influencing Students Choice for Medical Laboratory Science as a Profession: A Case of Students at Usmanu Danfodiyo University (Udu), Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria

K. K. Ibrahim, A. Umar, K. Mohammed, A. Garba, M. Sanusi, O. M. Mohammed

Asian Journal of Medicine and Health, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJMAH/2017/29224

Aim: To examine factors influencing students’ choice for medical laboratory sciences as a Profession: A case at Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria.

Study Design: This was a cross-sectional qualitative study designed to examine factors influencing students’ choice for medical laboratory sciences as a Profession.

Place and Duration of Study: Faculty of Medical Laboratory Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria, between January and April, 2016.

Methods: A structured self-administered questionnaire was designed and distributed for this study. Informed consent was obtained from the students before handing them a 12-item questionnaire for self-administration. Five Hundred and Six (506) questionnaires were distributed to the students (from 100 level (first year of study in the university) to 500 level (fifth and final year of study in Medical Laboratory sciences Profession)), but only Four Hundred and Eighty-Three (483) were returned completed (response rate was 95.45%).

Results: Of the 483 students who participated in this study; 331(68.5%) were male and 152(31.5%) were female. Out of the 483, 192 (39.8%) considered patients benefits, 106 (21.9%) self-employment, 72 (14.9%) opportunity for advancement, 41 (8.5%) more job opportunity, 38 (7.9%) working conditions while 34 (7.0%) for Job satisfaction, as factors influencing students’ choice for medical laboratory sciences as a profession.

Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that patients’ benefits, self employment and availability of advancement opportunities are the most influential factors affecting career choices among students, while Job satisfaction was ranked last in consideration. The majority of the respondents perceived laboratory work as rewarding and challenging. 

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of Serum Electrolytes in Hypothyroid Patients Attending Chitwan Medical College Teaching Hospital

L. B. Sapkota, S. Thapa

Asian Journal of Medicine and Health, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/AJMAH/2017/30905

Aims: The aim of present study was to find out the serum concentration of two important electrolytes Sodium and Potassium in hypothyroid patients and establish its relationship with thyroid function parameters.

Study Design: Hospital based retrospective cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Biochemistry, Chitwan Medical College Teaching Hospital, Bharatpur-10, Chitwan, Nepal. January to July 2016.

Methodology: 102 hypothyroid cases were chosen based upon their past history of hypothyroidism and thyroid function tests (TFTs) result. Retrospective analysis was done by screening the electronic database of the patients.

Results: It was found that the majority of the hypothyroid patients were females falling under age-group of 40-59 years (p<0.05). Mean values of free T3 (fT3), free T4 (fT4) and TSH levels were 1.75 ± 0.86 pg/ml, 0.64 ± 0.45 ng/dl and 9.1 ± 11.43 μIU/mL respectively. Serum electrolytes (Na+ and K+) levels were found to be 132.53 ± 5.48 and 5.43 ± 0.849 mEq/L respectively. A statistically significant positive correlation was observed between Na+ concentration in relation to fT3 and fT4 while there was statistically significant negative correlation between Na+ and TSH. In contrast to Na+, the correlation for K+ was just reverse. There was significant negative correlation between K+ concentration in relation to fT3 and fT4 and significant positive correlation between K+ and TSH.

Conclusions: This study suggests that hypothyroidism is strongly linked with the derangement of electrolyte concentration in blood. Regular monitoring of electrolyte concentration will be of great benefit to prevent further complications associated with hypothyroidism.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Sickle Cell Anaemia: A Prevalence Study among the Children Attending Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria

N. M. Jiya, A. Umar, K. K. Ibrahim, K. Mohammed, O. Erhabor, A. S. Mainasara, M. A. Ndakotsu, A. Garba, A. U. Musa

Asian Journal of Medicine and Health, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJMAH/2017/30287

Aims: The aim of this study was to determine prevalence of Sickle Cell Anaemia (SCA) and other abnormal haemoglobin variants among the children attending the Paediatrics outpatients Department of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital (UDUTH), Sokoto, North-Western of Nigeria.

Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study designed to investigate the prevalence of Sickle Cell Anaemia and other variants of abnormal haemoglobin among 395 children attending Paediatrics Outpatients Department of UDUTH, Sokoto.

Place and Duration of Study:  Paediatrics Outpatients Department of UDUTH, Sokoto, North Western Nigeria, between January and April, 2016.

Methodology: A total of three hundred and ninety-five (395) children aged 6 months -15 years were recruited for this study. Their haemoglobin electrophoresis patterns were determined at alkaline pH (8.6) using the method described by the Helena Biosciences procedure.  

Results: Of the three hundred and ninety-five (395) children recruited for this study, the prevalence of haemoglobin electrophoresis patterns recorded were HbAA, HbAS, HbSS, HbAF, HbSS+F, HbAC and HbSC, that is; 70.0%, 15.2%, 5.0%, 0.3%, 6.0%, 2.0%, and 1.5% respectively. Hence the prevalence of SCA among the study subjects was 11% (5.0% HbSS + 6.0% HbSS+F). 

Conclusions: While HbAA is the predominant haemoglobin electrophoresis pattern in our environment, there is also a significant number of sickle cell anaemia that is of every 10 children in the study, one has SCA. It is necessary therefore, to keep abreast with developments in the area of its management in order to cope with the challenges.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

The Correlation between Organizational Culture, Leadership Behavior, and Job Satisfaction: A Cross-sectional Study of General Hospital Nurses in Nigeria

Olumide Abiodun, Oluwatosin Olu-Abiodun

Asian Journal of Medicine and Health, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/AJMAH/2017/30450

Aims: This study assessed the correlation between organizational culture, leadership behavior and job satisfaction of Nurses.

Background: Organizational culture means the beliefs and values that exist in an organization over time. Leadership behavior influences employees’ job satisfaction.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study among 176 general hospital nurses in Ogun State, Nigeria was undertaken. Data as collected with structured self-administered questionnaires. The reliability of the instrument was assessed using the Cronbach α coefficient. Correlation analysis was used to assess the association between organizational culture, leadership behavior, and job satisfaction. The level of significance was set at 0.05.

Results: Organizational culture was correlated with leadership behavior (r = 0.496; p = 0.000) and job satisfaction (r = 0.424; p = 0.000). Leadership behavior was also correlated with job satisfaction (r = 0.418; p = 0.000).

Conclusion: The Leader who shows support for teamwork enhances group relationships, and promotes positive emotions in the workplace. This increases nurses ‘work effectiveness and so, improve job satisfaction.

Implications for Nursing Management: Openness about and adherence to values within the scope of the organizational culture is required of nurse managers. They have to be open about their values and to be seen to act on these values within the scope of the organizational culture.