Asian Journal of Medicine and Health 2020-12-03T18:29:07+00:00 Asian Journal of Medicine and Health Open Journal Systems <div> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Medicine and Health</strong>&nbsp;<strong>(ISSN: 2456-8414)</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJMAH/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in the areas of Medicine and Health Science.&nbsp;The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results.&nbsp;This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Every volume of this journal will consist of 4 issues. Every issue will consist of minimum 5 papers. Each issue will be running issue and all officially accepted manuscripts will be immediately published online. State-of-the-art running issue concept gives authors the benefit of 'Zero Waiting Time' for the officially accepted manuscripts to be published. This journal is an international journal and scope is not confined by boundary of any country or region.&nbsp;<strong>This journal has no connection with any society or association, related to&nbsp;</strong><strong>Medicine or Medical research and allied fields. This is an independent journal.</strong>&nbsp;</p> <div> <p style="text-align: justify;"><u><strong>Disclaimer:</strong></u>&nbsp;This international journal has no connection with any scholarly society or association or any specific geographic location or any country (like USA, UK, Germany, etc). This is an independent journal .&nbsp;</p> </div> </div> Comparative Analysis of Moderate Intensity Aerobic and Progressive Resistance Exercises on Bone Mineral Density and Weight of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Alex-Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Ebonyi State 2020-12-03T18:29:04+00:00 Asogwa, Eucharia Ijego Ekine, Rupee Suoton Asogwa, Okwudilichukwu Okwy Chukwu, Odochi Ogbu Orizu, Ifeoma Ada Akamike, Ifeyinwa Chizoba Udeoji, Dioma U. <p>The main aim of this study was to find out the comparative effects of 6 weeks moderate intensity aerobic exercises (MIAE) and progressive resistance exercise (PRE) on bone mineral density and weight of people living with HIV/AIDS in Alex-Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Ebonyi State. The study adopted quasi experimental research design. The population of the study was 60 HIV/AIDS patients that attended HIV clinics at AE-FUTHA which formed the 58 sample size for the study after two people dropped from the control group. Simple random sampling technique was adopted for the study. Heel Densitometer (X-rite 331C) and Omron BF 400 was the instrument used for data collection of BMD and weight respectively. Mean, standard deviation and ANCOVA were used to analyze the data obtained. The instruments were not validated because they are standard. The reliability coefficient obtained from the pilot study was 0.835 and 0.994 for BMD and WEIGHT respectively. The major findings revealed that PRE had more effect than MIAE on BMD and Weight.</p> 2020-11-23T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Nutrient Analysis and Antimicrobial Activities of the Leaves and Fruit Pulp Extracts of Tetrapluera tetraptera on Clinical Bacteria Isolates 2020-12-03T18:28:58+00:00 R. U. B. Ebana U. O. Edet I. E. Andy C. A. Etok V. J. Etim K. I. Anosike <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Plants are known to contain numerous phytochemicals with potential antimicrobial activity.</p> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> Nutritional, phytochemical and antimicrobial activities of the leaves and the fruit pulp extracts of <em>Tetrapluera tetraptera</em> was carried out.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>Collection and identification of isolates and plants parts, and preparation of extracts and nutrient (proximate, vitamins and minerals and anti-nutrients) evaluations were all done using standard protocols previously reported. Evaluations of phytochemicals were carried out using crude screening, quantification and gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrophotometer for a &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;robust analysis. Antimicrobial activities were evaluated using the standard disc method and chloramphenicol as control.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results revealed varying amounts of proximate nutrients (ash, fibre, moisture, carbohydrate, protein and fat) in both samples. Vitamin analysis showed the presence of vitamin A, total and soluble vitamin C, niacin, riboflavin and thiamin in both samples. Furthermore, both samples had minerals such as Na, K, CA, P, Mg, Zn, Fe, and Cu, and K, Na, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Zn and Cu in order of decreasing abundance in the fruit pulp and leaves, respectively. Both samples showed the presence of permissible levels of anti-nutrients compared to edible vegetables. Using all three methods, several phytochemicals such as terpenes, alkaloids, flavonoids, polyphenol, organic and fatty acids, amongst other in various amounts were obtained in the samples. Antimicrobial activities against identified clinical isolates used in this study which were <em>Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus</em> and <em>Proteus</em> spp with both extracts ranged from 12.78±0.03 to 17.34±0.34 mm.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Given the rising cases of antimicrobial resistance and absence of newer antibiotics, the antimicrobial activity of our study plant is worth further evaluations.</p> 2020-11-27T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Participants’ Feedback about and Knowledge before and after a Two-Day Medical Humanities Workshop at Mysuru, India 2020-11-30T10:44:20+00:00 Pathiyil Ravi Shankar Praveen Kulkarni <p><strong>Background:</strong> Medical humanities is using subjects traditionally known as the humanities for specific purposes in education in medicine. A two-day medical humanities workshop was facilitated at JSS medical college, Mysuru, India on 9<sup>th</sup> and 10<sup>th</sup> March 2020.</p> <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> The authors obtained participant knowledge before and immediately post-conclusion of the workshop and their feedback regarding the workshop.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Participants’ knowledge was measured by asking them to answer true or false a set of twenty statements. Some statements were worded negatively, and their scores reversed when calculating the total score. Total scores pre and post-workshop were compared using appropriate statistical tests (p&lt;0.05). Participant feedback about various facets of the workshop including venue, organization, facilitators, role-plays, activities related to paintings, home assignment, debate, and elicitation sessions were obtained. Free text comments were also invited.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Thirty-four medical students (15 male and 19 female) participated. Most students were from Karnataka and the neighbouring Kerala state. The median total scores before and immediately following the workshop were 16.00 and 17.00. The increase was highly significant (p&lt;0.001). The mean student ratings of all parameters were 3.8 and above. Role-plays and debates were the most enjoyable. A greater range of activities and more involvement of students from other institutions were suggested. A few other topics were recommended.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Participant feedback was positive. They wanted similar workshops in the future. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The workshop could serve as a launchpad for a medical/health humanities module at the &nbsp;&nbsp;institution.</p> 2020-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Dermatoglyphics of the Digits and Inter-digit Areas in Down Syndrome Patients of a Sampled Nigeria Population 2020-12-03T18:29:07+00:00 Loveday Ese Oghenemavwe Doris Ada Uche <p>This study was carried out to determine the possible differences between the dermatoglyphic characteristics of the digit and inter-digit areas of Down Syndrome (DS) patients and healthy Nigerians. The dermatoglyphic prints of the digit and inter-digit areas were obtained by using the improvise digital method. Parameters evaluated were the digit patterns, inter-digit patterns and single flexion crease of the fifth digit. Comparison of dermal patterns in DS patients and normal ones was done using Chi-square test at a significant level of P = .05. The result of the digit patterns showed that the total mean percentage frequency for arch, radial loop, ulnar loop and whorl were 5.28%, 0.34%, 75.94% and 18.45% in DS patients and 9.55%, 1.11%, 60.11% and 29.22% in normal subjects respectively. The distribution of dermal ridge differ significantly in digits I, II and III of the right hand and digits II and III of the left hand in patients and normal subjects at P = .05 level. Down syndrome patients had more of open fields in all the inter-digit areas except in inter-digit C. The difference in patterns between DS patients and normal subjects was significant in inter-digit C and D of the left hand only. One normal subject had single flexion crease compared to four in Down syndrome patients. The findings of the study could be used as supplementary diagnostic aid for Down syndrome.</p> 2020-11-21T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##