Review of Airbag Injuries: A Sri Lankan Case Series

Hulathduwa S. R. *

Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka.

Priyanath W. A. K. M.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The deployment of airbags in vehicles has significantly contributed to occupant safety during accidents. This review article discusses their history, evolution, types, chemical composition, mechanisms, defects, safety issues and hazardous practices by vehicle occupants. The evolution of airbags, from early designs to advanced designs is presented highlighting their life-saving impact and defects. The article addresses common hazardous practices by vehicle occupants that could lead to airbag-related injuries such as resting hands or feet on the dashboard. A series of typical and atypical airbag-related injuries from Sri Lanka is given in the latter part of the article. These cases include incidents of metal objects detaching from airbags causing fatal injuries, fractures resulting from improper hand placement during airbag deployment, burns, cranio-facial and dental injuries and so on. 

Keywords: Airbag, deployment, road safety, vehicle occupants, atypical injuries

How to Cite

Hulathduwa S. R., and Priyanath W. A. K. M. 2023. “Review of Airbag Injuries: A Sri Lankan Case Series”. Asian Journal of Medicine and Health 21 (11):176-83.


Download data is not yet available.


Azuma T. The Evolution of Airbags in Automobiles: From 1941 to Today. 2022 Available:

Types of Airbags; 2020. Available:

Facts about Sodium Azide; 2018. Available:

Halford B. What chemicals make airbags inflate, and how have they changed over time; 2022. Available:,with%20the%20resulting%20sodium%20metal

Bezuidenhout S. Airbags and Vehicle Occupant Safety; 2020. Availablee:

Emison L. The Hidden Dangers of Defective Airbags; 2021. Available:

Automotive Airbag Sensors; 2012. Available:

Takata Airbag Recall: Everything you need to know. Consumer Reports; 2023. Available:

Stachowiak K. Airbag safety issues: What can go wrong with airbags; 2020. Available:,severe%20injuries%20to%20the%20eyes.

What are common types of airbag injuries in car accidents; 2023. Available:

Airbag deployment injuries in car accidents: What Injuries Can Occur; 2020. Available:

Know the risk of airbag deployment injuries; 2023. Available:

Why you should never put your feet on the dash; 2017. Available:,secured%20in%20a%20seated%20position

Jayakody S. Young scientist’s death sparks alarm over deadly airbags in motor cars; 2023. Available: