Impact of Radiology on the Early Identification of Waterhouse-friderichsen Syndrome: A Case Study

Ruben Borja Villa *

Radiology Department, General Hospital “Dr. Miguel Silva”, Morelia, Michoacán, México.

Jose Patricio Martinez Rivera

Radiology Department, General Hospital “Dr. Miguel Silva”, Morelia, Michoacán, México.

Agustin Parra Macias

Radiology Department, General Hospital “Dr. Miguel Silva”, Morelia, Michoacán, México.

Antonio Ivan Ortiz Calderon

Internal Medicine Department, General Hospital “Dr. Miguel Silva”, Morelia, Michoacán, México.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

This study aims to analyze the relevance of radiology in the diagnosis of Waterhouse-Friderichsen Syndrome (WFS), a rare case of acute adrenal insufficiency secondary to hemorrhage. WFS is an extremely rare and serious medical condition, characterized by acute adrenal insufficiency due to hemorrhage in the adrenal glands. Studies have shown that imaging tools such as CT and MRI play a crucial role in confirming the diagnosis of WFS by visualizing bleeding in the adrenal glands. There in not a exact prevalence because of the low presentation of the disease. We present the case of a 40-year-old female patient, previously healthy, who presented symptoms 72 hours before hospital admission and subsequently had severe hemodynamic deterioration. A CT scan is performed and found bleeding in the adrenal gland, free fluid in the left retroperitoneum and important retroperitoneal hemorrhage and her health progressively worsening. She being in charge of the internal medicine service.

Keywords: Waterhouse-friderichsen syndrome, diagnosis, radiology, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, acute adrenal insufficiency, adrenal hemorrhage, clinical case


How to Cite

Villa , Ruben Borja, Jose Patricio Martinez Rivera, Agustin Parra Macias, and Antonio Ivan Ortiz Calderon. 2023. “Impact of Radiology on the Early Identification of Waterhouse-Friderichsen Syndrome: A Case Study”. Asian Journal of Medicine and Health 21 (11):91-96. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajmah/2023/v21i11922.

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