Main Article Content
Breast self-examination (BSE) is a recommended technique in medical science for early detection of breast cancer. It is a simple technique with no specific equipment and no cost implication. It has been shown to improve breast health awareness and thus detect potential abnormalities in the breast. It should be practiced by all women (or females known to be more at risk) from the moment the breast is developed.
The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of BSE in relation to breast cancer awareness among female staff in Federal Medical Center, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State.
Methods: A simple random technique was used to select a total of 411 female staff from different departments of the hospital. The data were collected using structured pretested questionnaire. Descriptive statistical method and correlation method was employed to analyze the variables.
Results: The findings of this study revealed that 369(89.8%) had knowledge of BSE. It also revealed that 210 (51.1%) about half of the total number practice BSE regularly. Majority of the respondents, 187 (45.5%) heard of BSE through awareness programme. There was a statistical significant association between knowledge of breast self- examination and its practice.
Conclusion: The study revealed that majority of the respondents had knowledge of BSE but the practice of BSE was poor. Knowing when to perform, how to perform, position to perform and confidence of what to look for during BSE were seen as a major issue or objective determinant of successful examination, in this study.
Therefore, there is need for intensified sensitization programmes to address knowledge and the practice of BSE among females in Yenagoa, Bayelsa State.
Available: https;// www.uicc.org/news
Ossai EN, Azuogu BN, Ogaranya IO, Ogenyi AI, Enemor DO, Nwafor MA. Predictors of practice of Breast self-examination: A study among female undergraduates of Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria. Niger Journal of Clinical Practice. 2014;22:361-9.
Said A, Henry AS, Emmanuel O, Idris ML. Breast cancer mortality in a resource poor country. A 10-year experience in a tertiary institution. Published in Sahel Medical Journal. 2017;20(3):93-97.
American Cancer Society. Breast cancer risk and prevention.
Kalayu B, Miskir A, Belayneh A, Gebru G, Ruth D, Semeneh A, Teshome W, Abdurrahman M, Wassie . Practice of Breast self-examination and associated factors among female Debre Berhan University Students. International Journal of Breast Cancer; 2017.
Article 1D 802627.6 pages.
Breast cancer tests: screening, diagnosis and monitoring. Breast self-exam: how to check for lumps and other breast changes. Reviewed by Marcia MD, FACS, Sammer Gupta MDMPH.
Available: https://www.breastcancer.org types
Breast Self- Awareness. John Hopkins Medicine.
Breast Self-Awareness. Susan Komen.
Vishnu Kammath. Teach me series; Teach me anatomy; The breast. 2020;34.
Available: https:// TeachMeAnatomy.info/thorax/organs/breasts.
Dierache E. McGhee, Julies R, Steele JR, Breast Biomechanics. What do you know? Physiology (Betheseda). 2020;35(2):141-156.
DIO: 10.1152/Physiol. 00024:2019.
Overview of the breast-breast cancer/ johns Hopkins pathology (en-US); 2018.
Available: https: // pathology.jhu.edu/breast/basics/overview
5 Steps to a Better Breast Self-Exam / City of Hope Breakthroughs (City of Hope breast cancer surgeon Laura Kruper, MD, MS,) 2016;2(10).
Kareen Pallarito. Why you probably don’t need to do abreast self-examination- Health Magazine.
Ojong I. N., Esienumoh E. E., Uka V. K., Edet O. B. Breast cancer awareness and practice of breast self-examination among women in Adiabo community in Odukpani local government area of Cross River State, Nigeria. Clinical Nursing Studies. 2016;4(1):50-57.
Azage M., Abeje G., Mekonnen A. Assessment of factors associated with breast self-examination among health extension workers in West Gojjam Zone, Northwest Ethiopia. International Journal breast cancer. 2013;1-6
Gwarzo U.M, Sabitu K, Idris SH. Knowledge and practice of breast-self-examination among female undergraduate students of Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, northwestern Nigeria. Ann Afr. Med.2009;8 (1):55–58.
Mikiyas AG, Mesfin WK, Kenean GT, Awet FG. Assessment of breast self-examination practice and its associated factors among female undergraduate students in Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Dove Medical Press Journal.2019;11:21–28.
Ofonime Effiong Johnson. Awareness and practice of breast self-examination among women in different african countries: A 10 year review of literature. Nigerian Medical Journal. 2019;60:219-225.
Bellgam HI, Buowari YD. knowledge, attitude and practice of Breast Self –examination among women in Rivers State, Nigeria. Nigeria Health J. 2012;12 (1):16-18.
Yakubu AA, Gadanya MA, Sheshe AA. Knowledge, attitude and practice of Breast self- examination among Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. Nigeria J. Basic Clin. Sci. 2014; 11:85-8.
Dadzi R, Adam A. Assessment of knowledge and practice of breast self-examination among reproductive age women in Akatsi South district of Volta region of Ghana.PlosOne.2019;14(12).
Meron Mehari Kifle , Azaria K, Nahon KG, Adam MT. Knowledge and practice of breast self-examination among Female College Students in Eritrea. American J. Health Research. 2016;4(4):104-108.
Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, Osei Owusu-Afriyie, Samuel Asamoah Sakyi, Akua Addo Wiafe, Bright Amankwaa, Emmanuel Acheampong, Richard K.D. Ephraim, William KBA Oweiredu. comparative assessment of knowledge, attitudes, and practice of breast self-examination among female secondary and tertiary school students in Ghana. International Journal of Breast Cancer. 2018;10.
Kayode FO, Tanimola MA, GK Osagbemi. Knowledge, attitude and practice of breast self-examination among female secondary school students in Ilorin, Nigeria. European Journal of Scientific Research. 2005; 10(3):42-47.
Dinegde NG, Demie TG, Diriba AB. Knowledge and practice of breast self-examination among young women in tertiary education in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Breast Cancer (Dove Med Press). 2020; 12:201-210.