Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Breast Self-Examination (BSE) among Women in an Urban City in Abia State, Nigeria
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health,
Background: Early diagnosis of breast cancer has been associated with better outcomes in diagnosed cases. Breast self-examination (BSE) is an inexpensive but effective method of identifying breast masses that may be cancerous.
Objectives: To identify the knowledge, attitude and practice of BSE among women in Abia State, Nigeria.
Materials and Methods: This was a cross sectional study of 415 women in Aba, a commercial city in Abia State. Pretested questionnaires were administered on women who consented to participate in the study. Analysis of data was done using IBM SPSS Version 20.
Results: The mean age of the 415 participants was 36.7±9.9 years. About 9% of respondents had a positive family history of breast cancer. Majority of the women; 76% (331) had heard of BSE with highest (34%) source of information being radio and television. While 67.5% knew how to do BSE, only 32% knew the right frequency for performing BSE. Though majority of women agreed that it was necessary to see a doctor for breast examination; only 39% had done so previously while 54% felt having a doctor examine their breast would be embarrassing. Only 28% of the women had practiced BSE in the past. Reasons given for not practicing BSE were lack of knowledge and forgetfulness.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated high knowledge and good attitude but poor practice of BSE.
How to Cite
World Health Organization. Breast Cancer: prevention and control. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO; 2013.
Burke K, LeMone-Brown E. Medical Surgical Nursing Care.2 Pearson: Prentice Hall; 2007.
Suh M, Julius A, Fuh E, Eta V. Breast self-examination and breast cancer awareness in women in developing countries: A survey of women in Buea, Cameroon. BMC Res Notes. 2012. 2012;9(5): 627-32.
Ly M, Antoine M, Andre F, Callard P, Bernaudin JF, Diallo DA. Breast cancer in sub-Saharan African Women. Bull Cancer. 2011;98(7):797-806.
Elgaili EM, Abuidriss D, Rahman M, Michalek AM, Mohammed SI. Breast cancer burden in Central Sudan. Int. J Womens Health. 2010;9(2):77-82.
Jedy-Agba E, Curadob MP, Ogunbiyi O, Oga E, Fabowale T, Igbinoba F et al. Cancer incidence in Nigeria: A report from population-based cancer registries. Cancer Epidemiology. 2012;36(5):e271-e278
Majeed W, Aslam B, Javed I, Khaliq T, Muhammed F, Ali A et al. Breast cancer: major risk factors and recent developments in treatment. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2014;15(8):3353-8.
American Cancer Society. Breast Cancer facts and figures 2013-2014.
Collaborative Group on Hormonal Factors in Breast Cancer. Familial breast cancer: collaborative reanalysis of individual data from 52 epidemiological studies including 58,209 women with breast cancer and 101,986 women without the disease. Lancet. 2001;358:1389-99.
Kelsy JL, Gammon MD, Jhon EM. Reproductive factors and breast cancer. Epidemiol Rev. 1993;15:36-47.
Collaborative Group on Hormonal Factors in Breast Cancer, menarche, menopause and breast cancer risk: individual participant meta-analysis, including 188,964 women with breast cancer from 117 epidemiological studies. Lancet Oncol. 2012;12:11419-51.
Rossouw JE, Andrson GL, Prentice RL, Andrea Z, Kooperberg C, Stefanik ML et al. Risks and benefits of oestrogen plus progestin in healthy post-menopausal women: Principal results from Women’s Health Initiative randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2002;288:321-33.
Chleboski RT, Andrson GL, Gass M, Lane DS, Aragaki AK, Kuller LH, et al. Estrogen plus progestin and breast cancer incidence and mortality in post-menopausal women. JAMA. 2010; 304:1684-92.
Adesunkanmi AR, Lawal OO, Adelusola KA, Durosimi MA. The severity, outcome and challenges of breast cancer in Nigeria. Breast. 2006 Jun;15(3):399-409.
DOI: 10.1016/j.breast.2005.06.008. Epub 2005 Aug 8. PMID: 16085418.
Rosmawati NH. Knowledge, attitude and practice of breast self-examination among women in a suburban area in Terengganu, Malaysia. Asian Pacific J Cancer Prev. 2010;11:1503-1508.
Hisham AN, Yip CH. Overview of breast cancer in Malaysian women: A problem with late diagnosis. Asian J Surg. 2004; 27:130-3.
Coughlin SS and Ekwueme DU. Breast cancer as a global health concern. Cancer Epidemiol. 2009;33:315-8.
Gupta SK, Pal DK, Garg R. Impact of a health education intervention program regarding breast self examination by women in a semi-urban area of Madhyapradesh, India. Asian Pac J Cancer Pre. 2009;10:1113-7.
Bellgam HI, Buowari YD. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Self-Breast Examination among women in Rivers State, Nigeria. The Nigerian Health Journal. 2012;12(1):16-18.
The American Cancer Society. Breast Cancer Prevention and Early Detection; 2014. Available:http://www.cancer.org/cancer/breastcancer/moreinformation/breastcancerearlydetection/breast-cancer-early-detection-acs-recs-bse. Last assessed on 8/4/17.
Okobia MN, Bunker CH, Okonofua FE, Osime U. Knowledge, attitude and practice of Nigerian women towards breast cancer: A cross-sectional study. World J Surg Oncol. 2006;4:11
Azubuike SO, Okwuokei SO. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Women towards Breast Cancer in Benin City, Nigeria. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2013 Apr-Jun; 3(2):155-160.
Lombe MR. Knowledge attitude and practice of breast-self examination for early detection of breast cancer among women in Roan Constituency in Luanshya, Copperbelt Province, Zambia. Asian Pac. J. Health Sci. 2017;4(3):74-82
Al-biatty S, Salih E, Alamin S, Altoom N, Babeker R and Gnawi O Knowledge, attitude and practice of breast self-examination in Khartoum State, Sudan. Clin Med J; 2020.
Emaediong IA. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Breast Self Examination (BSE) among Female Undergraduates in the University of Uyo, Southern Nigeria EJPH. 2017;2(2):6-11
Paknejad H, Saeedi V. Knowledge, attitudes and practice of breast self-examination among over 20-year females in Tehran. RJMS. 2019;25(11):34-41
Marahatta S, Sharma S. “Knowledge and practice of breast self examination among women of reproductive age in Butwal Sub Metropolitan City. Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences. 2018;4(1):117-129.
Yoo BN, Choi KS, Jung KW, Jun JK. Awareness and practice of breast self-examination among Korean women: results from a nationwide survey. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2012;13(1):123-5. DOI: 10.7314/apjcp.2012.13.1.123. PMID: 22502653.
Birhane K, Alemayehu M, Anawte B, Gebremariyam G, Daniel R, Addis S, et al. Practices of breast self-examination and associated factors among female Debre Berhan University Students. International Journal of Breast Cancer; 2017.
Boulos DN, Ghali RR. Awareness of breast cancer among female students at Ain Shams University, Egypt. Glob J Health Sci. 2013;6(1):154-16.
Abstract View: 246 times
PDF Download: 149 times