Hearing Impairment in a Tertiary Hospital in the Niger Delta Region: Prevalence, Aetiology and Pattern
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health,
Aim: This study is to determine the prevalence, causes, types and patterns of hearing impairment seen in a tertiary hospital in the Niger delta region.
Study Design: A hospital based descriptive study of all patients with complaints of hearing impairment seen at the ear nose and throat clinic of the university of Port Harcourt teaching hospital within the period of January 2015 to December 2019.
Results: Bilateral affectation was commoner among those that have hearing impairment n = 366(65.2%) 91.2% while n = 54(8.8%) was found to have normal hearing. Majority of the ears had profound degree of hearing loss n= 313 (25.4%) with the highest number of it found in the right ear 27.0% however, there is no statistical significance between the side of the ear affected and the degree of hearing loss.
Conclusion: The young adults are the most affected; age 30-39 years with bilateral affectation and profound degree of hearing loss. Infective conditions such as CSOM are still very predominant in the aetiology of hearing loss in our environment.
- Hearing impairment
- hearing loss
How to Cite
(Accessed on March 30 2017)
Addressing the rising prevalence of hearing loss. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018. [Cited 2019 April 1]
Beatrice Beatrice D. Priority Medicines Report- WHO; 2017.
(Accessed on Feb 01 2017)
Prevention of hearing impairment from chronic otitis media. Report of a WHO/CIBA Foundation Workshop, London, Geneva, World Health Organiza-tion, (WHO/PDH/98.4). 1996;(12-21):19-21.
Adams DA. Management of the hearing impaired child. In: Kerr AG, Adams DA, Michael J Eds.Sott-Brown’s Paediatric Otolaryngology, 6th Ed. Cinnamond. 1997; 6:178-190.
Shuaibu IY, Bakari A, Ahmed AO, Usman MA. The pure tone audiogram assessment of the students of a special school for deaf in Kaduna. Arch Int Surg. 2015;5:206-209.
Olusanya BO, Ruben RJ, Parving A. Reducing the burden of communication disorders in the developing world: An opportunity for the millennium development project. JAMA. 2006;296:441-444.
Davis AC. The prevalence of hearing impairment and reported hearing disability among adults in Great Britain. Int J. Epidemiol. 1989;18(4):911-917.
Brobby GW. Causes of congenital and acquired total sensorineural hearing loss in Ghanaian children. Tropical Doctor. 1988; 18:30-32.
Ijaduola GTA. The problems of the profoundly deaf Nigerian child. Postgraduate Doctor-Africa. 1982;4:180-184.
Okafor BC. The chronic discharging ear in Nigeria. J Laryngol Otol. 1984;98(2):113-119.
Beigh Z, Malik MA, Islam M, Yusuf A, Pampori RA. Clinical and audiological evaluation of hearing impaired children. Indian J Otology. 2012;18:200-2007.
Kakehata S, Futai K, Sasaki A, Shinkawa H. Endoscopic transtympanic tympano-plasty in the treatment of conductive hearing loss: Early results. Otol Neurotol. 2006;27:14-19.
Eziyi J, Amusa Y, Akinpleu O, Adeniji A, Ogunniyi G. Audiological pattern of hearing loss at Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital complex Ile-Ife, Nigeria. The Int J Otorhinolaryngol. 2008;8:2.
Lasisi AO, Sulaiman OA, Afolabi OA. Socioeconomic status and hearing in chronic suppurative otitis media in Nigeria. Ann Trop Paeditr. 2007;27:291-296.
Akinpelu OV, Amusa YB. Otological diseases in Nigerian children. Internet J Otrhinolaryngol. 2006;7:1-6.
James WH, Patrick JA. Assessment of peripheral and central auditory function. In :Bailey BJ, Johnson JT, Newland SD. Editors. Head and Neck Surgery- Otolaryngology. 4th Ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott- Williams and Wilkins. 2006; 1928-1939.
WHO Report of the informal working Group on Prevention of Deafness and Hearing Impairment Programme Planning. Geneva, 1991. Geneva: world Health organization; 1991. (Cited 2019 April1)
World Health Organization. Prevention of noise induced hearing loss. Report of WHO-PDH. Informal consultation, Geneva. strategies for prevention of deafness and hearing impairment, 3, WHO/PDH/98.5. Geneva, Switzerland. 1997;28-30.
National Programme for Prevention and Control of Deafness, Ministry of Health and Family welfare, Government of India. Available:moh.nic.in/nppcd.htm
Shaheen MM, Raquib A, Ahmad SM. Chronic suppurative otitis media and its association with socio-economic factors among rural primary school children of Bangladesh. Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery. 2012;64(1):36-41.
Erdivanli OC, Coskun ZO, Kazikdas KC, Demirci M. Prevalence of otitis media with effusion among primary school children in Eastern black sea in Turkey and the effect of smoking in the development of otitis media with effusion. Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery. 2012;64(1):17-21.
Mousavi A, Sedale M. Hearing screening of school age children (aged between 7-12 years old) Audiology.1996:4(1-2):5-9. (Persian).
Onotai LO, Ebong ME. Pure tone audiometric evaluations of adult patients with hearing impairment in a Nigerian University teaching hospital. Gazette of Medicine. 2015-2016;4(1):372-377.
Adegbiji WA, Amutta SB, Olubi O, Olajide GT, Aremu SK. Pattern of hearing impairment in a Tertiary institution in Ado Ekiti, Nigeria. AJMAH 2018;12(1):1-9.
Agrawal Y, Platz EA, Niparko JK. Prevalence of hearing loss and differences by demographic characteristics among US adults: Data from the National Health and Nutrition. Examination Survey. 1999-2004. Arch Intern Med. 2008;168:1522-1530.
Kodiya AM, Afolabi OA, Ahmad BM. The burden of hearing loss in Kaduna, Nigeria: a 4-year study at the National Ear Care Centre. Ear Nose Throat J. 2012;91(4): 156-163.
Shuaibu IY, Chitumu D,Mohammed IB, Shofolowe NA, Usman MA, Bakari A, et al. Pattern of hearing loss in a tertiary hospital in the North Western Nigeria . Sahel Med J. 2018;21:208-212.
Turton L, Smith P. Prevalence and characteristics of severe and profound hearing loss in adults in a UK National health service clinic. International Journal of Audiology. 2013;52:92-97.
Blanchfield BB, Feldman JJ, Dunbar JL, Gardner EN. The severely to profoundly hearing-impaired population in the United States: Prevalence Estimates and Demo-graphics. J Am Acad Audiol. 2001;12:183-189.
Rabbam SM, Chowdhury MA, Shuman AM,Y Asmeen Y, Rashid M, Nuruzzaman M, et al. Pattern and causes of hearing loss among the patients attending in an ENT OPD. AKMMC J. 2014;5;9-13.
Adobamen PR. The pattern of hearing loss as seen at the university of Benin teaching Hospital. Benin City Nigeria. Gomal J Med Sci. 2013;11:133-1337.
Amedofu GK, Ocansey G, Antwi BB. Characteristics of hearing impairment among patients in Ghana. Afr J Health Sci. 2006;13:110-116.
Oga SA, Abraham O. Pattern of hearing loss as seen at the federal medical centre Lokoja, Nigeria: A five year retrospective study. Asian J Pharm Nurs Med Sci. 2014; 2:87-89.
Berman S, Chank K. Ear, nose and throat. In: Levin MJ, Hay WW, Groothins JR, Hayward AR. Eds. Current Paediatric Diagnosis and Treatment, 13th Ed. Appleton and Lange. 1997;403-415.
Smith AW. World-wide hearing care for developing countries. Community Ear and Hearing Health. 2007;4(5):12.
Abstract View: 896 times
PDF Download: 485 times