The Correlation between Organizational Culture, Leadership Behavior, and Job Satisfaction: A Cross-sectional Study of General Hospital Nurses in Nigeria
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health,
Aims: This study assessed the correlation between organizational culture, leadership behavior and job satisfaction of Nurses.
Background: Organizational culture means the beliefs and values that exist in an organization over time. Leadership behavior influences employees’ job satisfaction.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study among 176 general hospital nurses in Ogun State, Nigeria was undertaken. Data as collected with structured self-administered questionnaires. The reliability of the instrument was assessed using the Cronbach α coefficient. Correlation analysis was used to assess the association between organizational culture, leadership behavior, and job satisfaction. The level of significance was set at 0.05.
Results: Organizational culture was correlated with leadership behavior (r = 0.496; p = 0.000) and job satisfaction (r = 0.424; p = 0.000). Leadership behavior was also correlated with job satisfaction (r = 0.418; p = 0.000).
Conclusion: The Leader who shows support for teamwork enhances group relationships, and promotes positive emotions in the workplace. This increases nurses ‘work effectiveness and so, improve job satisfaction.
Implications for Nursing Management: Openness about and adherence to values within the scope of the organizational culture is required of nurse managers. They have to be open about their values and to be seen to act on these values within the scope of the organizational culture.
- Job satisfaction
- leadership behavior
- organizational culture
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