Mitigating Challenges to Effective Management of Post-Intensive Care Syndrome (PICS)

Nkiruka Lauretta Nwangene *

Campbell University, Harnett Health Systems, Dunn, North Carolina, USA and Caribbean Medical University of Medicine, Willemstad, Curacao.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Introduction: Post-Intensive Care Syndrome (PICS) refers to the collective effects of prolonged physical and cognitive impairments and mental health problems during or after the stay in intensive care unit (ICU). PICS significantly affect patients’ quality of life and ability to return to their normal routines. The challenges of PICS have become more pervasive since the Covid-19 pandemic. The aim of this study is to examine the challenges to effective management of PICS and suggest tangible ways of addressing them so as to reduce the prevalence of PICS, and improve on patients’ wellbeing, quality of life and satisfaction with care services.

Methods: The descriptive survey is employed to make a brief systematic review of selected 2019—2024 literatures on PICS, the challenges, and the measures for managing the challenges effectively.

Results: There is a consensus on lack of awareness and inability to recognize the condition among healthcare professionals; the difficulty of predicting and managing the long-term effects of PICS; the significant emotional toll of PICS on patients and their families; and the fragmentation of healthcare systems, which together constrain effective management of PICS.

Conclusion: To attain effective management of PICS, a comprehensive multidisciplinary approach, which can address cognitive, physical, and psychological aspects of the condition, has to be adopted. Resorting to a meaningful interdisciplinary collaboration among healthcare professionals, widespread awareness about PICS, the symptoms, and the need for early interventions would guarantee patients’ attainment of maximal outcomes and improved quality of life.

Keywords: Challenges, effectiveness, management, post-intensive care syndrome, prevalence

How to Cite

Nwangene, N. L. (2024). Mitigating Challenges to Effective Management of Post-Intensive Care Syndrome (PICS). Asian Journal of Medicine and Health, 22(6), 198–206.


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