Asian Journal of Medicine and Health http://journalajmah.com/index.php/AJMAH <div> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Medicine and Health</strong>&nbsp;<strong>(ISSN: 2456-8414)</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJMAH/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in the areas of Medicine and Health Science.&nbsp;The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results.&nbsp;This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Every volume of this journal will consist of 4 issues. Every issue will consist of minimum 5 papers. Each issue will be running issue and all officially accepted manuscripts will be immediately published online. State-of-the-art running issue concept gives authors the benefit of 'Zero Waiting Time' for the officially accepted manuscripts to be published. This journal is an international journal and scope is not confined by boundary of any country or region.&nbsp;<strong>This journal has no connection with any society or association, related to&nbsp;</strong><strong>Medicine or Medical research and allied fields. This is an independent journal run by SDI.</strong>&nbsp;</p> <div> <p style="text-align: justify;"><u><strong>Disclaimer:</strong></u>&nbsp;This international journal has no connection with any scholarly society or association or any specific geographic location or any country (like USA, UK, Germany, etc). This is an independent journal run by SCIENCEDOMAIN international.&nbsp;</p> </div> </div> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US Asian Journal of Medicine and Health 2456-8414 Assessment of Vitamin D Knowledge and Awareness among Female Students of Applied Medical Sciences Faculty, Umm Al-Qura University http://journalajmah.com/index.php/AJMAH/article/view/30182 <p><strong>Background</strong><strong>:</strong> Despite the numerous functions of vitamin D, there are still billions of people worldwidewho have vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency, and the highest prevalence is in the Middle East, mostly females.</p> <p><strong>Aim of The Study</strong><strong>:</strong> This study aimed to assess the knowledge and behaviors of applied medical science female students regarding vitamin D. Participants and methods: A cross- sectional study was conducted at the Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences- Umm Al-Qura University. An electronic questionnaire was assigned for (156) students from female section and chosen from an age group (18-22 years) to assess their vitamin D knowledge and attitudes. Data analysis was done using the Statistical Package of the Social Science (SPSS) version 20, using frequency and chi-square test. A p-value less than or equal to 0.05 was considered significant.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong><strong>:</strong> About 57% of the students were not aware that the overuse of sunscreen could block the ultraviolet rays from reaching the skin, thus decreased production of vitamin D. The overall knowledge of the students about vitamin D sources (fortified milk, mushrooms and eggs) was decent.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong><strong>:</strong> the students had a good background of vitamin D functions, sources, and deficiency symptoms but wasn't reflected on their behavior, this gap between their knowledge and their lifestyle must be filled through health education for better health.</p> Reham A. Mostafa ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-28 2020-03-28 23 32 10.9734/ajmah/2020/v18i230182 Hearing Impairment in a Tertiary Hospital in the Niger Delta Region: Prevalence, Aetiology and Pattern http://journalajmah.com/index.php/AJMAH/article/view/30180 <p><strong>Aim: </strong>This study is to determine the prevalence, causes, types and patterns of hearing impairment seen in a tertiary hospital in the Niger delta region.</p> <p><strong>Study Design: </strong>A hospital based descriptive study of all patients with complaints of hearing impairment seen at the ear nose and throat clinic of the university of Port Harcourt teaching hospital within the period of January 2015 to December 2019.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Bilateral affectation was commoner among those that have hearing impairment n = 366(65.2%) 91.2% while n = 54(8.8%) was found to have normal hearing. Majority of the ears had profound degree of hearing loss n= 313 (25.4%) with the highest number of it found in the right ear 27.0% however, there is no statistical significance between the side of the ear affected and the degree of hearing loss.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The young adults are the most affected; age 30-39 years with bilateral affectation and profound degree of hearing loss. Infective conditions such as CSOM are still very predominant in the aetiology of hearing loss in our environment.</p> Ibekwe Matilda Uju ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-24 2020-03-24 1 10 10.9734/ajmah/2020/v18i230180 Knowledge and Compliance with Standard Precautions amongst Healthcare Workers in Selected Hospitals in Rivers State, Nigeria http://journalajmah.com/index.php/AJMAH/article/view/30181 <p><strong>Background:</strong> Standard precautions (SPs) in the hospital are very important in the reduction of health care workers’ exposure to occupational health hazards but most hospitals are used to reactive rather than proactive safety practices. The effect of reactive safety practices is overwhelming to health care workers, hospitals and the society. Thus, this study assessed health care workers’ knowledge and compliance with standard precautions.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> Descriptive cross-sectional design and proportionate stratified random sampling method was adopted and a sample size of 391was selected using Taro-Yamane formula. The study relied on a structured questionnaire to elicit information from respondents and a reliability of 0.87 was obtained. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used with the aid of statistical package for social science (SPSS) software version 21.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Healthcare workers’ (HCWs) have fair knowledge of SPs and poor compliance with SPs. Also, there is significant association between HCWs’ knowledge of SPs and gender, marital status, years of experience and job category in the hospitals (p &lt; 0.05). Consequently, there is significant association between compliance with SPs and gender, years of experience and job categories in the hospitals (p &lt; 0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is great need for strong advocacy on knowledge of SPs and compliance with SPs in the hospitals to curb increasing occupational health hazards. The Nigeria government and hospital managements should develop an all-encompassing integrated SPs policies, strategies and procedures consistent with global best practices.</p> P. N. Ogbonda K. Douglas B. M. Moore ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-25 2020-03-25 11 22 10.9734/ajmah/2020/v18i230181